提升摄影品质, 跨越瓶颈成长七步骤

提升摄影品质, 跨越瓶颈成长七步骤
摄影或许对某些朋友来说只是一个打发时间的游戏, 拍照只要好玩就好, 并不会考虑太多自身能力的提升. 当然摄影这件事情每个人的想法不同, 出发点不同, 运用的地方也不同, 所以就也没有什幺必须要该要做, 或是什幺必须要懂这件事情. 但话说回来, 如果今天你是一个想要透过摄影赚取费用, 想要成为专业摄影师或是接案摄影师, 那自我的提升就是一件非常重要的事情, 透过不断提升自己的能力, 并从提升中学习到更多不同面向的知识, 这对专业摄影师来说都是相当珍贵且重要.

共笔作家:九尾, 图片来源:cherrybam.com, cartinafinland.fi
 
但是提升自己大家都懂, 却又常常会发觉自己似乎遇到了瓶颈, 好像卡在某一个阶段过不去, 又不太清楚知道自己到底是卡在哪?

今天九尾要跟大家分享的就是05年PDN杂誌所选出来最受注目30位新锐摄影师之一的Steve Giralt对自己摄影成长阶段分享. 总共分为七个阶段, 包含从最初开始拍摄一直到成为专业摄影师中所有的过程与转变, 原文为英文, 想看原文文章的朋友可以到这边观看。

这边九尾也将文章重点简单翻为中文, 希望可以让更多英文苦手的朋友也能轻鬆阅读.
提升摄影品质, 跨越瓶颈成长七步骤

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1. Technically Unaware – You are taking pictures without putting any technical thought into them at all. No thought is going into your composition, light, or mood. You’re taking pictures for the purpose of recording a moment, place, or event and likely with a camera phone, or point and shoot camera. Taking pictures is likely something you do out of necessity.

第一个时期统称为不关注技巧时期. 在这个时期中你并不会在意拍摄时的构图, 光线, 氛围等. 拍摄照片的最主要目的为纪录下当下所发生的人事物或是位置, 当然你也可能仅仅使用手机或是傻瓜相机拍摄, 在这个时期中拍摄并不是你必须做的事情.

2. Technically Semi-Aware - You start becoming aware of the photographic process. You start thinking that maybe the picture would look better if you did something in particular like putting the camera in sports mode when taking pictures of sports, or landscape mode for landscapes. Towards the end of this phase maybe you start shooting RAW instead of Jpeg or buy a new lens other than the one that came with the camera. This is the level most amateurs are at.

第二个时期称为半关注技巧时期. 这个时期为通常为摄影业余爱好者所处的位置, 他们除了单纯拍摄之外, 开始思考拍摄时是不是加点什幺会让照片更漂亮. 例如针对拍摄主题切换至不同的情境模式下拍摄, 更深入一点的话, 也有不少朋友开始拍摄RAW档, 并且计画将手边的Kit镜更换为更优异的镜头.

 

3. Technically Aware - You really start thinking about the pictures you’re taking on a technical level. While photographing you think about the rule of thirds, your highlight and shadow detail, quality of light, and more. At this point you are probably using a good dslr, an off-camera flash, and a few lenses to shoot the pictures that inspire you. If studio photography is your thing, you have a few light heads and soft boxes to modify the light to look how you want it to look. You are comfortable using Photoshop or similar software to edit your pictures and make them look as you want. Maybe at this point you have taken a few photography classes or taken part in a few workshops.

第三为关注技巧时期. 这个时期的摄影玩家们开始真正的参与摄影相关教学课程与着手摄影技巧, 包含构图法, 光线的运用, 光比的质量, 通常处在这个时期的摄影玩家们手边应该都已经有一部不错的单眼相机, 离机闪光灯, 以及几颗不同焦段的镜头. 除此之外, 有些摄影玩家们如果对棚拍有兴趣, 这个时期他们或许也会有几支棚灯, 无影罩, 或是其他控光工具, 同时也会开始了解Photoshop这类的后製软体, 并运用软体将照片后製成为自己想要的感觉.

 

4. Technically Over-Aware / Conceptually Unaware - You are making good technical photos, but you’re so concerned with the technical that you cannot get past that. When on a shoot, you are completely obsessed with what your camera settings are and check the lcd screen way too often to see if you got the shot. There is a chance you are spending way too much time on the Internet researching new gear and commenting on camera review sites. Better gear is necessary to make better photos, even though you already own good gear. You feel the world is holding you back from taking amazing images, but the reality is you’re probably the only one holding yourself back.

第四个为过度关注技巧与不注重概念时期. 在这个时期中, 摄影玩家已经可以运用不错的技巧拍摄出不错的照片, 不过同时过度关注技巧, 让你沉浸在数值与相机设定上的调整, 并且在拍摄中过度的观看液晶萤幕. 而在拍照的时间之外, 你也花了很多时间关注网路上各式各样的相机测试, 评比文章等, 纵使自己手边已经有不错的拍摄工具, 但还是觉得应该要有更棒的镜头或是机身, 灯具等. 除此之外, 你也开始觉得身边有太多妨碍你进步的原因, 却从来没有想过或许妨碍自己进步的是自己.

 

5. Conceptually Semi-aware - You are at the point where you have shot long enough that the technical stuff is pretty much on autopilot. You’re not thinking about the technical stuff as much as you were before, and now you can start thinking about what your pictures are saying. In a given day you are thinking more and taking pictures less. You’re spending very little time looking at new gear and more time looking for inspiration. Your pictures don’t just look beautiful; they also start to have meaning. You come into a shoot with a mental list of the shots you hope to capture and you already know how you’re going to accomplish them.

第五个时期为半关注概念时期. 当达到这个时期时, 摄影技巧对你已经不再重要, 因为那可以说是再自然不过的事情. 这个时期中你已经开始思考照片中要传达的想法与概念, 相较于思考, 拿起相机拍照的时间也相对减少. 你的照片已经不单是一张漂亮的照片, 照片中开始传达一些想法与想说的话, 这时期你不再疯狂追逐器材, 而是开始善用自己手边的器材并发挥出最大的效益, 并同步準备预想的拍摄清单, 且一步步的完成自己的摄影计画.

 

6. Conceptually Aware - You are making pictures with more sophisticated meaning which are also technically perfect. You have mastered the craft and now most every image you take has meaning or is attempting to show meaning. If you’re doing a lot of commercial work, you’re absolutely giving your opinion on how to approach the shoots your doing so that they have the most impact. Clients are hiring not only because you’re a great technical photographer but more because you come to the table with solid opinions on how to make their ideas better.

第六个时期为关注概念时期. 在这个时期中你已经可以拍出富含概念的美丽作品, 如果你在商业摄影圈中, 你也已经可以提出更多丰富的想法并予以执行, 让照片的成果呈现相当丰富. 这个时期中你的客户僱用你已经不单单是因为你可以拍出漂亮的照片, 同时也是因为你可以清楚传达出客户所需要的理念.

 

7. Technical and Conceptual Master - Chances are that now most of the pictures you take are part of something important. You don’t just take pictures to take pictures; you take pictures to tell a story, and that story has depth. Chances are you have been taking pictures now for a very long time. Generally speaking, very few photographers reach this point in their career. It can be hard working as a commercial photographer when you’re in this phase because a lot of paid work isn’t intellectually stimulating enough, so you lose interest.

最后一个时期为技巧与概念并重时期. 一般来说很少有摄影师可以达到这个阶段, 这个阶段中你已经可以拍出不只有概念, 而是更具有深沉意义的照片. 你不是为了拍照而拍照, 是为了说一个故事而拍摄. 且可以透过影像将故事的深度表露无疑, 但就诚如刚刚所说, 很少摄影师可以达到这个阶段! 因为一般来说收费的摄影并没有办法可以随心所欲, 所以也会渐渐丧失兴趣.

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摄影说难不难, 说简单却也不简单. 七个时期看起来都是不同的转变, 从关注技巧到关注概念, 这也是不少摄影师成长的真实转换. 摄影的普及, 造就了不少业余摄影师, 这些摄影师一般都停留在第三阶段或是第四阶段, 且不少人都没有办法再往下一个阶段迈进, 这是为什幺呢? 或许也是因为社会观念的转变, 当大家觉得这样就可以获得报酬, 相对的就会对自己的成长渐渐放鬆. 说实在的有点可惜, 看看自己, 再看看别人, 我们是不是都太过于安逸于现况, 是不是更该好好检视自己的成长阶段呢?

以上分享给各位参考, 如果各位对内容满意的话, 就到 KisPlay 3C俱乐部(https://www.facebook.com/LoveKisPlay) 按个讚, 谢谢大家~

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